Detailed, publicly available information on “Rosgvardia”'s armament, like its substructures and their activities, is scattered and provides only a general insight. Similarly, the information on website about purchases and armament supply is rather fragmentary.
Russian military structures have traditionally retained the culture of clashes of distrust and sharp competition still existing in the Soviet Union, which is particularly expressed among the special services, and is manifested in disrupting the operations of competing structures, indirectly neglecting activities, spying on them, turning against employees of the other structure, etc. Despite the fact that “Rosgvardia” is entering this landscape as a new creation, its rapid development, which is mainly due to the support of the regime, has provided it with an equal, if not superior, place among the Russian military structures.
In 1991, in fact, immediately after the August Putsch, Boris Yeltsin, the President of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, instructed Vice-President Alexander Rutskoi to launch the formation of a “Russian Guard” aimed at protecting the “democratic achievements of the RSFSR multinational people” and the constitutional order of the reactionary forces.
Giorgi Gabunia, head of the program Post scriptum of the channel Rustavi 2 of Georgia (representing the interests of the former Single National Movement), insulted Russian President Vladimir Putin, which led to the evening of 7 July, when several hundred people gathered at the Rustavi 2 building, asking to apologize to the Russian president and close the TV channel. For security reasons, Rustavi 2 was temporarily forced to stop working (Rustavi-2 resumed work on July 8, 2019), informs Kavkazskij Uzel.
Experts point out that the Kremlin is closely following the transition of power in China and Kazakhstan. In 2018, the meeting of the National People's Congress (the largest parliament in the world with 2980 members) approved changes to the Constitution, foreseeing the current Chinese President Xi Jinping the right to stand for countless consecutive terms. In Kazakhstan, however, President Nursultan Nazarbayev has been awarded the title of the leader of the nation (Jelbasi), the right to be the chairman of the Kazakhstan Security Council for the rest of his life and the right to stand for the presidency countless times (the Constitution allows the next president to candidate for only two consecutive terms).
Perhaps one of the most important issues on the political agenda of contemporary Russia is related to the people holding the highest level of state power, as evidenced by events in Russian history: military (coups of strelci – rebels – in 17th century) and place revolution (Catherine II coup in 1762), as well as mass movements (democratic forces in the 1990s) that advocated changes in the country.
Serbian sociologist Z. Miloshevich points out that since 2004, foreign media have called the new Russian ideology as putinism, but already in 2005, putinism became a “nationalistically authoritarian form of government in Russia with external attributes of democracy and market economy”, which has more common with fascism instead of communism (Richard V. Rens). About putinism’s cornerstones Z. Miloshevich considers V. Putin's economy, politics (“sovereign democracy”), foreign policy, and so on.
Contemporary Russian political regimes are defined differently – both justifiably and unjustifiably – using quite broad terminology, as well as by comparing the current Russian regime to historical political regimes in Russia and other countries.
Since the January 1, 2019, when the former US Secretary of Defence James Mattis left his post, the duties of defence secretary were served by his deputy Patrick Shanahan.
In foreign policy, D. Trump attaches great importance to personal contacts. For example, the US President has repeatedly emphasized that he has developed friendly relations with Chinese leader Xi Jinping. When, on December 22, 2017, all members of the UN Security Council, including China, voted for new sanctions against North Korea, the US President was absolutely convinced that this had happened because of his good relationship with Xi.
The United States of America is considered to be the only modern global superpower whose decisions largely influence the development processes of different regions of the world, including European and post-Soviet space. Thus, it is not surprising, that US domestic political agenda pays attention not only in the United States itself, but also in other parts of the world.
In the context of the growing confrontation between the US and Russia, the Syrian issue also became topical. In Russia, its increasing military presence and engagement in the Syrian government forces were propagated as an alternative to the US-led coalition against “Daesh”. According to experts, the possibility of Russia's involvement in the Syrian civil war was caused by the US's inability to deter and subsequently punish the government of Bashar al-Assad for the use of chemical weapons in the summer of 2013.