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According to a survey conducted on June 9, 2019 by the Sociological Research Center Fond “Obshchetvennogo Mneniya”, 41% of Russians believe that the economic situation has recently worsened.


In this context, a joint study by Chinese, German and US economists entitled “Inequality and Lending Growth in Russian Regions”, where the example of Russia shows a direct correlation between rising income inequality and increasing lending to individuals.


This article brings together statistics, surveys and studies to highlight the available figures and results in the sections on income, poverty, inequality, middle class, population expectations. The statistics contained are subject to criticism but show certain trends.

Foreign policy

In connection with arms control imperative becomes the issue of the extension of the Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty New START, which expires on February 5, 2021.

Domestic policy

In September 2016, Patriarch Kirill of the Russian Orthodox Church visited Ratmanov Island in the Bering Strait. During his visit, he said: “Let us pray for peace in the world.

Foreign policy

It should be noted that all of these leaders had initially expressed their support for democracy. A striking example of this is V. Orban, an active member of the 1989 revolution and a “herald of Hungary's democratic future”. His organization “Fidesh”, which later became a party, was initially liberal democratically minded.

Foreign policy

This year September, the “American Political Science Review” magazine published a study by political scientist Christopher Klassen on public support for democracy today. The author refers to the tendency that the popularity of democracy is now falling in countries where it initially seemed stable. Despite the increase in the number of democracies since the end of World War II, people's satisfaction with this political system is declining. Experts point out that in contrast to the rise in populism and authoritarianism in Western countries, protests for supporting democracy are underway in the so called “hybrid regime” countries in Chile, Hong Kong, Bolivia, Russia and Venezuela.

Foreign policy

In October 2018, US National Security Adviser John Bolton made a regional visit to Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia. At official level, J.Bolton described his visits to Baku, Yerevan and Tbilisi as familiarization visit with the situation in the South Caucasus. 

Foreign policy

Since 1992, more than 180 documents have been signed between the Republic of Armenia and the Islamic Republic of Iran regulating the relations between the ministries and other state bodies.

Foreign policy

In the 21st century, the situation in the Caucasus develops against a complex political background in bilateral and multilateral relations between the three former Soviet republics - Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia, as well as with the Caucasus countries - Russia, Turkey and Iran. At the same time, extra-regional countries - mainly the US, EU countries and Israel - have a major military political influence.

Domestic policy

Changes to the electoral system, promised by the power party during the protests in June 2019, included a shift from the currently proportional to the fully proportional electoral system in the 2020 parliamentary elections.

Domestic policy

“European Georgia” is a parliamentary opposition party formed after several leaders of the “United National Movement” split from the party in January 2017. One of the leaders of the newly formed party, the secretary general of the party G. Ugulava, described the split of the “United National Movement” as saying: “M. Saakashvili is no longer the actual leader of the party and takes responsibility for the division of the party.

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