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Involved parts

Jacob Salivan is National Security Adviser to J. Baiden. He was born in 1976 in Burlington, Vermont, and graduated from Minneapolis High School and Yale Law School in 2003 with a Ph.D. After graduating, J. Salivan began working for the legal services firm “Faegre & Benson”, as well as becoming an advisor to Minnesota State Senator Amy Clobushar (Democratic Party).

Involved parts

Anton Blinken, who is described as a close associate of J. Baiden, holds the position of Secretary of State in the J. Biden administration and is expected to pursue the President's political vision first and foremost, rather than presenting his political agenda.

Involved parts

As a result of the US presidential election held on November 3, 2020, Joseph Biden, a representative of the Democratic Party, was elected 46th President of the United States, and his inauguration ceremony took place on January 20, 2021.

Current situation

One of the main reasons for the tense relations between Ankara and Washington is the purchase of the Russian S-400 air defence system. Political scientists point out that Turkey could deploy the S-400 on its southern coast, where the energy exploration works are taking place.

Current situation

Relations between Moscow and Ankara fluctuate quite regularly depending on the development of the situation in the Syrian and Libyan conflicts. It should be noted that on November 24, 2015, due to the Russian attack aircraft Su-24, which was shot down by the Turkish Air Force, both countries experienced probably one of their worst bilateral crises.

Current situation

There have been periods of both co-operation and confrontation in the history of Russian-Turkish relations, so it is apt that political scientists use the term “sworn friends” to describe relations between the two countries.



Russia has already enacted and will enter into force a number of laws before the elections, which could hamper the activities of the non-systemic opposition. For example, amendments to the law on the application of the status of a foreign agent to physical persons engaged in politics or collecting military technical evidence in foreign interests with the help of foreign funding.


According to Andrey Turchak, secretary of the General Council of “Jedinaia Rossiya”, the party aims to win at least 301 out of a total of 450 seats in the State Duma elections, thus ensuring a constitutional majority (currently the “Jedinaya Rossiya” faction has 335 seats).


On September 19, 2021, a Unified election day will take place in Russia, during which elections to the State Duma and various levels of government will take place in the regions - elections of 11 governors (8 direct and 3 indirect), 39 subject parliaments and 10 administrative center councils.

Current situation

D.Nazarbayeva (the eldest daughter of the Leader of the Nation Nursultan Nazarbayev) was the Chairman of the Senate from March 2019 to May 2020. Despite the removal she still has some support in the ruling elite, strengthened by her financial power and Nazarbayev's name. Most likely, the struggle in the political elite has intensified in the country, and it has been facilitated by gradual "exclusion" of N.Nazarbayev from vital decision-making for more than a year and by the crisis caused by the coronavirus.

Current situation

K.Tokayev is one of the authors of the concept of enhanging Kazakhstan's multi-directional foreign policy and invigorating economic section, therefore these tasks are priorities in the foreign policy he implements. In the first year of the presidency, K.Tokayev made 14 foreign visits, including three state and three official visits to China, Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan, as well as Russia, Germany and the United Arab Emirates.

Current situation

On June 9, 2020 a year has passed since Kassym-Jomart Tokajev won the extraordinary elections of the President of Kazakhstan, gaining 70.9% of voters' support. Initially, observers predicted that his activities would take place under the direct leadership of the First President Nursultan Nazarbayev, as N.Nazarbayev retained a key role in the primary domestic and foreign policy issues under his special status as the leader of the Nation.

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